Shin splints generally occur due to an accumulation of repetitive stress on the front of the lower leg where the shin bone is located. It may also occur from acute trauma to the shin bone which may lead to a stress fracture. Over training, training on a hard surface, using poorly supported footwear and poor running technique are predispositions toward shin splints.
Shin splints are characterized by pain that is located on the medial side of the lower leg. The pain increases in intensity when performing physical activity that requires it to bear weight, or when jumping, running and climbing up or down stairs. Additionally, the calf muscle may feel stiff.
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